Regulatory Structure

Tribal Government/Gaming Commission

  • establishes Tribal Gaming Commission
  • provides front-line regulation of tribal gaming, including security and surveillance measures
  • manages tribal gaming operations
  • adopts ordinances
  • issues licenses for gaming operations and employees
  • performs background checks
  • negotiates Class III state compacts
  • provides protection and law enforcement
  • liaisons with Tribal Court System
  • networks security surveillance with other casinos

Department of Interior

  • rules on land-trust issues
  • rules on tribal gaming revenue allocation
  • conducts investigative studies
  • approves tribal-state compacts
  • issues opinions

National Indian Gaming Commission

  • approves management contracts
  • regulates gaming
  • conducts background checks
  • reviews contract terms
  • authority to enforce civil penalties, impose daily fines up to $25,000, or close facility
  • approves tribal gaming ordinances

Department of Justice

  • investigates and prosecutes federal gaming law violations
  • conducts fingerprint and background checks of key gaming employees as requested by NIGC
  • seeks civil enforcement of federal gaming law
  • conducts investigative studies
  • issues opinions
  • State Government

Department of Justice

  • negotiates Class III tribal gaming compacts
  • security; infrastructure; absorb state/local government cost increases
  • enforces provisions of compact, including employee and management background checks
  • varies according to state policy

Source: National Indian Gaming Association